How to Lay Tile


You are not alone if you have ever wondered how to lay tile. There are many different ways you can do it. For example, you can choose to use adhesive or grout. Regardless of what you decide, it would be best to prepare your substrate to lay the tile. You will also need to seal your grout.

Calculate the amount of tile needed

If you’re planning to tile your home, you should learn how to calculate the amount of tile you’ll need. Tiles come in many different shapes and sizes, and the cost varies depending on the type of tile.

To calculate the amount of tile you’ll need, start by measuring the width and length of the space you’re interested in covering. This will give you the number of square feet you’ll need.

Next, multiply the square footage by the size of the tile you’re planning to install. This will help you determine how many boxes of tile you’ll need. For example, a room of 100 square feet will require 8 boxes.

Finally, consider what kind of pattern you plan to lay your tiles on. A straight horizontal line will require fewer tiles than a diagonal pattern. The gap between tiles is also an essential factor.

Prepare the substrate

A suitable substrate before laying tile is essential to installing a quality floor. The proper preparation can minimize costs and ensure a beautiful, clean installation. It’s also important to follow safe work practices.

Substrate preparation includes cleaning and removing paint and wax from old waxed floors. For ceramic tiles, it may consist of scraping and replacing loose tiles. In addition, tiles should be inspected for flaking, cracks, and bonding. Similarly, adhesives must be adequately removed.

Substrate preparation is mechanical and requires the proper tools and protective equipment. Wood-based substrates, such as plywood, may be prone to warping. When tiling over these types of substrates, a resin-based adhesive is recommended.

An adequately prepared substrate will minimize callbacks. It will also ensure a clean and smooth finish. But, in addition, it will result in a monolithic look.

Apply adhesive

When applying adhesive to lay tile, you must ensure it is spread evenly. It would be best to avoid criss-cross patterns as they can lead to air bubbles. It is recommended to use a notched trowel for applying.

To ensure proper adhesion, you must remove the old layer before applying a new one. This can be done by using a floor grinder. Then, it would be best to lay a thin skim coat of adhesive on the surface.

After the new render is completely cured, you can start installing tiles. First, however, you should not wash the flooring for a week. Doing so can prevent water from getting into the substrate.

Tiles are generally available in different sizes. Therefore, you must choose the right size to match the existing tiles.

Remove grout haze

When laying tile, it is essential to remove grout haze before it sets. A layer of grout left unattended can leave a residue that discolors the surrounding tiles. This can create a very noticeable look. It can also show foot impressions.

Grout haze is an annoyance, but there are ways to avoid it. First, removing it can save you time, money, and effort. The key is starting the process immediately rather than waiting until it has dried.

The first step is to dampen the area. You can use a sponge or a window scraper. However, it is essential to avoid using too much water. Otherwise, you may damage the surface.

After a few minutes, scrub the area with a sponge or scouring pad. Rinse with clean water. You can then buff the surface with a terry cloth to remove the excess grout.

Seal your grout

Sealing your grout before laying tile can increase the longevity of your flooring. It can make it easier to clean, and it can also prevent mold and mildew from growing. Also, it helps prevent stains and discoloration of the grout.

The process is simple. You should apply a coat of sealer over the tile and leave it to dry for at least 24 hours. If you do not have a tile sealing applicator, you can use a sponge to cover the area. After that, you can start grouting.

You can purchase sealers that are specially designed for certain types of tiles. Before you buy one, you should consider the type of tile you have and how often you will be cleaning. For example, some sealers are designed for wet areas, and others are intended for glazed tiles.