Asphalt Driveway Preparation


Asphalt provides a cost-effective and convenient alternative to concrete for residential driveways, as it resists freeze-thaw cycles and de-icing salts better than other materials. Select the best San Francisco Asphalt Paving.

Regular cleaning and sealing will help to maintain a smooth surface, prolonging the lifespan of an asphalt-paved driveway. For repairs of cracks in your driveway, there are asphalt emulsion products that work like roof tar.


No matter if it is new construction or an overlay of existing pavement, adequate ground preparation is crucial to its longevity and use. A thorough prep process will help your asphalt endure weathering, use, and heavy vehicles over the long term.

First, the area must be free from debris and obstructions before grading or sloping the soil as necessary to provide optimal water drainage, thus minimizing risk to new pavement and aiding its stability over time. Shifting or sinking asphalt pavement are other potential risks; for this reason, it must also be graded or sloped accordingly to ensure effective results.

After that, a sub-base layer must be laid. An effective sub-base acts as a frost barrier and reduces winter damage caused by asphalt and concrete freezing and thawing cycles. A binder may also be added to strengthen and bond together the sub-base.

After the sub-base is laid and compacted, a large truck drives over it to identify any soft spots and fill them with suitable materials, such as 6 inches (6″) of compacted crushed stone or 3 inches (3”) of asphalt concrete. A final tack coat of diluted asphalt should then be applied.


Asphalt paving material provides a sleek, long-term appearance at a lower cost than concrete, typically lasting 15-20 years, with regular maintenance extending its lifespan further.

Workers combine aggregates with hot bitumen in an asphalt plant to form a mixture that’s used for roads, driveways, and other construction projects. After it has been produced in this way, it is then taken directly to its intended project site, where it is then installed and used as part of the build.

Hot mix asphalt (HMA) is the go-to paving material, composed of coarse and fine aggregate, binder, and water. When applied directly onto pavement, it sets quickly and compacts while still hot, making this durable material weatherproof.

HMA is delivered to its destination with a truck equipped with a screed unit that ensures even spacing and determines its thickness, as well as providing initial mat compaction. Cold mix asphalt may also be suitable for colder climates as it doesn’t need heat to have the ability – though its strength cannot compare to HMA. Dense-graded asphalt (DGA) provides an economical and practical general-purpose option with minimum aggregate sizes of 3/8 inches or larger.


Before beginning to install asphalt pavement, the ground must first be prepared by clearing away vegetation, debris, and existing pavement that might exist. Furthermore, graded and compacted soil needs to be graded so as to create an optimal base for the new asphalt surface.

This process typically utilizes heavy machinery such as excavators and jackhammers. After inspection of the sub-base for soft areas that need repair, repairs are carried out by undercutting weak spots with heavy machinery before mixing in aggregate layers to give strength back into it.

Cold or hot mix asphalt can then be laid over the prepared ground, with mixing aggregate and oil, for extra strength and durability. After which, a binder layer made of large aggregate mixed with oil will help bind it to the ground; finally, a coarse asphalt mix will be spread on top to provide an attractive yet strong driveway surface.


Asphalt pavements are durable materials designed to withstand the freeze-thaw cycle with less maintenance requirements than materials like concrete. Asphalt also absorbs sound instead of reflecting it, which means quieter operations and reduced sound reflection. Furthermore, it doesn’t crack as quickly as other materials and is less vulnerable to de-icing chemicals such as rock salt.

Paving is a complex and delicate process, best undertaken by experienced professionals. To create asphalt, aggregates and binders are heated in a large drum mixer until the mixture becomes liquid. Once finished, this liquid is then poured onto pavement surfaces where heavy equipment compacts it for long-term protection of their pavement surface.

Asphalt is one of the world’s most recycled materials, featuring nearly 100% recycle-ability and being repurposed countless times over its lifecycle. Asphalt helps vehicles move efficiently while simultaneously decreasing fuel consumption and providing a safer driving surface during adverse weather conditions – an attractive feature for both homeowners and businesses looking to save money while keeping their property looking great and saving on maintenance costs.

Final Touches

Dependable Paving uses only top-quality asphalt materials that will withstand decades of wear. Many contractors opt for cheaper solutions that only last for a short time, such as inexpensive materials.

Once the old surface has been taken away, soil graded, and fabric weed barriers installed, we are ready for asphalt concrete! Also referred to as blacktop, pavement, macadam, or asphalt shingle, asphalt concrete provides us with the drivable surface we all know and love. Asphalt pavement consists of two layers – a binder course and a top course. The binder course consists of a thick layer composed of four lifts of crushed stone runner-crush stone, which serves as the weight-bearing basis of asphalt. The top course is composed of thinner layers of smaller aggregate, designed to give the surface appearance while effectively discharging water away from it. Regular maintenance activities, including sweeping or washing away debris, filling in cracks before they grow too large, and clearing away foliage that might interfere with asphalt, are vitally important.

Read also: How To Choose Asphalt Paving Companies Near Me