How to Get Started Learning SQL


You can get started learning SQL by using free online courses. You can also take a free class from Harvard University, which covers SQL, HTML, CSS, JavaScript, and more. It is 2.5 hours long and is offered online. You will learn everything you need to know about a database and its structure and how to build queries to get the data you need.

Learn about the structure of a database

One of the first things you should do when you’re starting to work with a database is to learn about the structure of the data. In relational databases, data is organized into columns and rows. Each column should contain one or more data types. When defining your data dictionary, separate each data type into separate columns. This will help you avoid duplicating data, which will only add to the complexity of your data.

Similarly, learning about the structure of a database can help you understand how to make a database work in various situations. For example, you can store your data in rows if you’re creating a database to store customer information. You can create and modify records in these rows. You can also delete records and tables with the help of SQL.

Create tables in a database

Creating tables is an essential part of the process when you learn SQL. Tables are containers for data and need to be named appropriately. When creating a table, you must decide on its structure and the type of data you want to store. Many of the choices you’ll face will depend on the table’s purpose, including the number of columns, data types, and indexing. You’ll generally want to use the default settings for these choices.

Once you’ve decided on what table you’ll create, you can enter the data for that table. You can also add constraints to a table, which are optional.

Select data from a table

A SELECT data statement is a powerful tool that you can use to select data from a table. For example, if you have a table called albums, you can use this query to return the list of all album names. The data is displayed in paginated order to read the list easily.

To use SELECT statements, you must first know what a table is. A table has two parts: the table name and the schema name. A table belongs to a schema, a database object collection.

Build queries

If you’re a beginner learning SQL, one of the first steps is understanding the basic database structure. After you know the basic form, the next step is to learn how to author SQL statements. To do this, you need to understand how the database works and how data is extracted and manipulated.

The quality of a query plan plays a significant role in query performance. The plan’s quality determines how much disk I/Os the query plan will require, how much CPU it will need, and the overall response time. The query execution engine will evaluate the program before returning the results. Therefore, it’s important to remember that a query plan’s quality should come first before the performance.

If you’re a beginner, you should never use naive SQL. Naive SQL is a common mistake, but it doesn’t necessarily mean a query is terrible. Instead, you should write a question that follows the GIGO principle to perform well.

Create reports

Learning to create reports in SQL can give you the edge over standard reports or spreadsheets that may take weeks to generate. SQL reports provide access to information when needed and give you the power to make strategic decisions without the hassle of the workday. You can build reports with a simple query or get more complex and use window functions and layered calculations.

You can easily create a report with SQL Server Reporting Services. It features three interactive courses and over 200 exercises. It will teach you everything you need to know about creating pieces with SQL.