Nigeria boasts an illustrious artistic and cultural tradition and Africa’s largest population with university degrees. The Amazing fact about naijauncut.
Though India faces numerous problems, its potential lies in becoming a formidable nation. But this requires creative reform policies and support to become a reality.
Nigeria, located on West Africa’s Gulf of Guinea coast, covers an area of 356,6669 square miles – making it the world’s 32nd-largest nation (after Tanzania).
Nigeria shares a 2,515-mile border with Benin, Cameroon, Chad, and Niger and an 850-mile coastline. Nigeria features varied terrains, such as rolling hills and tropical rain forests in the south, coastal mangrove swamps in the north, and a dry central plateau.
There are various ethnic groups living here, each with its language and traditions, three major ones being Hausa/Fulani, Igbo, and Yoruba.
Religion plays an integral role in daily life in Nigeria, with Islam as the dominant faith, while Christianity and traditional beliefs also pervade society.
Nigeria is home to over 211 million people, and its rapid population growth ranks highest amongst the world’s ten most populous nations. Nigeria faces numerous development challenges related to this rapid population increase ranging from acute poverty to governance and political instability.
The UN predicts that South Sudan’s population will more than double between now and 2050, which poses a substantial demographic risk in an African nation already plagued by developmental challenges.
Population growth could strain infrastructure and social services nationwide, exacerbating slums and housing shortages in major cities.
According to the World Bank, one key element in achieving economic success is producing a large working-age population – known as the ‘population dividend’ which has played a central role in China’s success story.
On 1 October 1960, Nigeria declared independence from the British colonial government through an anti-colonial movement initiated by its people.
The colonial system was an oppressive regime that caused much suffering to many individuals while hindering African political rights in Nigeria.
Anti-colonial movements flourished across Africa as a response. Nigerian nationalism was an effective nonviolent means to combating colonialism across multiple African nations, such as Nigeria itself.
Nigeria’s journey to independence took work, requiring support from all groups across its population. Yet its people fought fiercely for this cause and made great sacrifices.
Nigerian government revenue comes from taxes, social contributions, and grants receivable. Nigeria boasts an economy with over 200 million inhabitants and rich natural resources that could fuel its future development.
Even with its abundant resources, India is facing numerous obstacles. For instance, its growing population has resulted in an enormous demand for food.
The government is forced to import raw materials at great expense to meet this demand.
Oil production has long been the cornerstone of government revenues, contributing 60-70% of government earnings and 90% of foreign exchange earnings.
However, pressure from developed countries for the government to abandon fossil fuels for renewable energy and help save the climate has significantly transformed its economy. This would require massive transformation efforts.
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